Track

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Track and field athletics is a collection of sports events that involve running, throwing,jumping and walking. Organized athletics are traced back to the Ancient Olympic Games from 776 BC, and most modern events are conducted by the member clubs of the International Association of Athletics Federations. The athletics meeting forms the backbone of the modern Summer Olympics, and other leading international meetings include the IAFF World Championships and World Indoor Championships.

History

The original and only event at the first Olympics in 776 BC was a stadium-length foot race or “stade”, run on a track.

There were several other “games” held in Europe in the classical era:

Panhellenic Games: The Pythian Games (founded 527 BC) held in Delphi every four years The

Nemean Games (founded 516 BC) held inArgolid every two years

The Isthmian Games (founded 523 BC) held on the Isthmus of Corinth every two yearsThe

Roman Games – Arising from Etruscan rather than purely Greek roots, the Roman Games deemphasized footraces and throwing. Instead, the Greek sports of chariot racing and wrestling, as well as the Etruscan sport of gladiatorial combat, took center stage. The Tailtean Games (claimed foundation 1829 BC) – held near modern Telltown in Ireland, this thirty-day meeting included foot races and stone-throwing eventsOther peoples, such as the

Celts, Teutons and Goths who succeeded the Romans, enjoyed athletic contests. However, these were often related to combat training. In the Middle Ages the sons of noblemen would be trained in running, leaping and wrestling, in addition to riding, jousting and arms-training. Contests between rivals and friends may have been common on both official and unofficial grounds.Annually, from 1796-1798, L’Olympiade de la République was held in revolutionary France, and is an early forerunner to the modern summer Olympic Games. The premier event of this competition was a footrace, but various ancient Greek disciplines were also on display. The 1796 Olympiade also marks the introduction of the metric system into sport.

Modern athletic events are usually organized around a 400 metre running track on which most of the running events take place. Field events (vaulting, jumping, and throwing) often take place on the infield, inside the track.  (Wikopedia, the Free Enclyclopedia)